TOP Grapher

TOP provides population projections under nine different fertility and migration scenarios (and their varied combinations) for every country in the EU out to 2100, in order to illuminate policy choices and their demographic consequences.

Project and compare European countries’ population projections and population densities on our interactive chart:

To learn more about these projections and their underlying assumptions, read our newly-published paper “Policy-based Population Projections for the European Union: A Complementary Approach” in the journal Comparative Population Studies.